The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain function. However, if little carbohydrate remains in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis, leads to a reduction in the frequency of epileptic seizures.[1] Around half of children and young people with epilepsy who have tried some form of this diet saw the number of seizures drop by at least half, and the effect persists even after discontinuing the diet.[2] Some evidence indicates that adults with epilepsy may benefit from the diet, and that a less strict regimen, such as a modified Atkins diet, is similarly effective.[1] Potential side effects may include constipation, high cholesterol, growth slowing, acidosis, and kidney stones.[3]
Mag-babala-baka kailangan mong dalhin ang ilang mga mint na hininga. "Ang ilang mga tao ay maaaring o hindi maaaring magkaroon ng pagbabago sa amoy ng hininga sa ketogenic diet," sabi ni Hertzler. Bakit? "Ang isa sa mga katawan ng ketone na gawa sa atay ay acetone-at nagdadala ito ng amoy," paliwanag ni Hertzler. Iyon ay sinabi, maraming mga tao na nasa nutritional ketosis ay hindi makaranas ng isang makabuluhang pagbabago sa amoy ng hininga, kaya ito ay hindi isang garantisadong epekto.

Upang maunawaan kung paano gumagana ang ketogenic diyeta, kailangan mong maunawaan ketosis, ang proseso kung saan ang iyong katawan ay gutom sa glucose para sa gasolina at dapat tumingin sa mga pinagkukunang taba sa halip. Kadalasan, pino-fuel mo ang iyong katawan sa pamamagitan ng pagbibigay ito ng glucose sa anyo ng mga carbs, na matatagpuan sa harina, butil, gulay, tsaa, mga produkto ng dairy, at prutas.
Isa malalimang pag-aaral tumingin sa mga rate ng pagsipsip ng whey at casein protein. Ito ay natagpuan na ang patis ng gatas protina ay naging sanhi ng isang paunang spike sa mga antas ng amino acid, na sinusundan ng isang maikling-buhay na patuloy na stream ng aminos. Sa kabilang banda, si Casein ay nagdulot ng mas maliit na paunang spike, na sinusundan ng isang mahaba at matatag na daloy ng mga amino acids.
“Eggs have a lot of vitamins like vitamin A, B complex, D, K, E, calcium, and zinc,” says Ryan Weaver, a personal trainer and keto enthusiast. “That’s why eggs are an excellent choice for breakfast when you follow the keto diet. To avoid getting bored, you can try different ways of preparing the eggs—boiled, fried, or baked. Also, you can combine the eggs with different foods like bacon, ham, cheddar cheese, butter, mayonnaise, so you get a different recipe each day although using the same main ingredient.”

Researchers believe that the ketogenic diet can also help patients with schizophrenia to normalize the pathophysiological processes that are causing symptoms like delusions, hallucinations, lack of restraint and unpredictable behavior. One study found that the keto diet lead to elevated concentrations of kynurenic acid (KYNA) in the hippocampus and striatum, which promotes neuroactive activity. Some studies even point to the elimination of gluten as a possible reason for improved symptoms, as researchers observed that patients with schizophrenia tended to eat more carbohydrates immediately before a psychotic episode. (19)

The principle behind the ketogenic or keto diet is simple, even if it seems counterintuitive. Cut your carbs and eat more fat to force your body to burn more fat. The diet encourages your body to enter a state called ketosis, in which it fuels itself on stored fat. Ketosis can significantly help you lose weight and may also help decrease your blood sugar and hunger while increasing your energy.
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